An Environment in Bhutan

Due to Bhutan’s location and unique geographical and climatic variations, it is one of the world’s last remaining biodiversity hotspots. Bhutan pristine environment, with high rugged mountains and deep valleys with river and its tributaries, offers ecosystems that are both rich and diverse. Recognizing the importance of the environment, conservation of its rich biodiversity is one of the government’s development paradigms. The government has enacted a law that shall maintain at least 60% of its forest cover for all time. Today, approximately 72% of the total land area of Bhutan is under forest cover and approximately 60% of the land area falls under protected areas comprising of 10 national parks and sanctuaries.

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

Each of Bhutan’s National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are an essential part of the Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex – a system of national parks, protected areas and forest corridors covering 60% of the country. Each of these parks and sanctuaries has its own special character and are home to endangered animals, birds and plants.

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are as follows:

1. Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park(Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park)
2. Royal Manas National Park (Royal Manas National Park)
3. Trumshingla National Park (Trumshingla National Park)
4. Jigme Dorji National Park (Royal Manas National Park)
5. Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary(Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary)
6. Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary(Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary)
7. Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary (Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary)
8. Philsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (Philsoo Wildlife Sanctuary)
9. Wangchuck Wildlife Sanctuary Valley(Wangchuck Wildlife Sanctuary Valley)
10. Torsa Strick Nature Reserve (Torsa Strick Nature Reserve)